Remittances, Emigration and Politics in Mexico and Latin America

Remittances are a major source of foreign revenue in many developing countries. Mexico is one of the countries in the world that receives the highest amount of absolute remittances. Similarly, Latin America as a region is one of the highest recipients of remittances in the world. How do these flows affect the political behaviour of those who receive them? Do these changes contribute to or detract from the consolidation of democracies and by what mechanisms? And how do incumbents at different levels of government alter their behaviour to attract these resources? Do governments develop policies of diaspora engagement and with what consequences? Are financial remittances and social remittances different in their consequences?

Work in Progress

“Emigration and Protest in Times of Crime”

In this series of papers, we are exploring the relationship between crime, migration, and protest against crime following the surge in violence in Mexico (2006–2012). In a first paper, we explored the relationship between high rates of crime and emigrants’ decisions to send money home. In a second paper, we are exploring whether the remittances that migrants send back home impact the levels of protest against crime at the state and at the municipal level. Finally, in a third paper, we will explore whether return migrants take the lead in the fight against crime in their communities. To explore these issues, we have assembled a database at the state and municipal level with information on migration dynamics, remittances, violence, and protest against crime. Dr. Meseguer is working with Sandra Ley (CIDE) and Eduardo Ibarra-Olivo (Researcher at LSE) on these projects.

“Return Migration and Democratization”

In this paper, we explore the political consequences of return migration and the overall consequences of what are called “social remittances”; that is, the transmission of ideas, norms, and values via communication with emigrant relatives. While ongoing research is showing that communication with relatives settled in advanced democratic countries results in the transmission of democratic values, return migration does not appear to have the same effect. We shall analyse a database on voting and return migration in Mexico to test whether return migrants help to consolidate democracy through their electoral behaviour. This research is being carried out in collaboration with Christian Ambrosius (Free University of Berlin).

Publications and Working Papers

  • Sending Money Home in Times of Crime: The Case of Mexico.” (with Sandra Ley and Eduardo Ibarra-Olivo). Working Paper.
  • Outmigration and Pro-Americanism” (with Pascal Jaupart and Javier Aparicio). Working Paper.
  • Remittances and Vote Buying” (with Ezequiel González-Ocantos and Chad Kiewiet de Jonge). Working Paper.
  • Meseguer, C. S. Lavezzolo and J. Aparicio. “Financial Remittances, Trans-Border Conversations, and the State.” Comparative Migration Studies, 4: 13.
  • Meseguer, C. and Kemmerling. Forthcoming. “On Work and Welfare: Anti-immigrant Sentiment in Latin America.” International Migration Review.
  • Meseguer, C, K. Burgess and J. Aparicio (Guest Editors). 2014. “International Migration and Home Country Politics.” Special Issue in Studies in Comparative International Development 49(1).
  • Meseguer, C and K. Burgess. 2014. “International Migration and Home Country Politics.” Lead paper of the Special Issue “Politics and Migration in Out-Migration Countries.” Studies in Comparative International Development 49(1):1-12.
  • Meseguer, C. and J. Aparicio. “Supply or Demand? Migration and Political Manipulation in Mexico.” Studies in Comparative International Development, 47(4): 411-440.
  • Meseguer, C. and J. Aparicio. 2012 “Migration and Distribution: The Political Economy of the 3×1 Program for Migrants in Mexico.” Latin American Politics & Society, Winter 54(4): 147-178.
  • Aparicio, J and C. Meseguer. “Collective Remittances and the State: The 3×1 Program in Mexican Municipalities.” World Development, 40(1): 206-222.

Examples of Public Engagement